Agriculture from the Late Latin word agricultura where 'agri' means field, and 'cultura' means cultivation is defined as the science of cultivating soil, harvesting crops, and raising livestock, and in varying degrees the preparation of products for man's use and their disposal.

Mainly categorized as harvesting crops and raising livestock, it is classified as open field cultivation, protective cultivation, floriculture, aquaculture, and animal husbandry mainly.

Open Field Cultivation

Open field cultivation for crops only to be cultivated in their growing season, without any additional measures. It is best suitable for areas with minimum climatic variations. The most unmistakably visible feature for the open-field cultivation is that the arable area having a place with a house is separated into numerous long tight furlongs for development. The fields of developed area were not fenced, subsequently the name open-field. Open field systems prevailed in Europe from…

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Protective cultivation

Protective cultivation for growing crops in a climate controlled environment, the majority being off-season crops grown for the export market.  Protective Cultivation is the future since land and water is limited and not free forever. Population is expanding and because of modernization the framework work is expanding and everyday farming area is decreasing, with the increase in land value. Additionally, water resources are diminishing. The unrivaled response to this issue is Protective Cultivation. A completely…

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Animal husbandry

Animal husbandry is the practice of rearing farm animals for human consumption. It is also referred to as selective breeding of animals for the promotion of desirable characteristics. Animal Farming/ Rearing helps us in giving the right nourishment, appropriate lodging/ housing and protection against infections to the household animals. Animal rearing aids in real administration of the residential/ domestic animals. It offers us in developing high yielding sorts of various family breeds through cross rearing…

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Aquaculture otherwise called fish or shellfish cultivation refers to reproducing, raising, and reaping of plants and animals in a wide range of water situations including lakes, streams, lakes, and the sea. Aquaculture incorporates the generation of seafood from incubation centers and shellfish which are developed to market size in lakes, tanks, confined areas, or raceways. Stock reclamation or "enhancement" is a form of aquaculture in which hatchery fish and shellfish are released into the wild to…

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Floriculture is a branch of horticulture referring to the practice of growing flowers or other ornamental plants for the purpose of gardening, cosmetic and drug industries. Floriculture, or flower cultivation, is an order of agriculture concerned with the development of flowering and decorative plants for greenery enclosures and for floristry, including the botanical business. The development, through plant breeding of new assortments is a major occupation of floriculturists. The crops incorporate bedding plants, houseplants, blossoming…

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